188 The global problems can only be resolved globally and a common way can only be pathed together. One of the most important tasks will be to form a positive and relatively stabile and effective political world order. It is as necessary as ever to develop discussion on the ways and means of creating such a world order, which would be an effective tool for resolving the global problems. Such discussion calls for its philosophical foundation. Its creation is the task for political philosophy. International level of politics was for centuries “the stepson of political philosophy”. The attention of philosophers was concentrated on the social phenomena inside one nation-state, which possessed an absolute sovereignty. At the present time, political philosophy undertakes intensive steps in order to explore the subject of international politics. The philosophy of international relations is being rapidly developed. On this path the philosophers have at least two bright lighthouses from the past – Thomas Hobbes and Immanuel Kant – to guide them in its development. Kant on the basis of the inner logic of reason builds the theory which proposes a certain form of an interstate union. His philosophy in general and the theory of perennial peace in particular has influenced the modern political philosophy exceptionally strongly. Especially profound impact it had on the philosophy of international relations and the discussion on the philosophical foundation of a global political order. An understanding of this discussion presupposes the exploration of the impact which was made and is being made on it by Kant. In the first part of the monograph – “Political philosophy of Immanuel Kant in modern philosophical discussions on the world political order” – the author concentrates on discovering paths and strength of this influence. He comes to the conclusion that Kant’s political philosophy takes a central place in the present philosophical discussion. In the second part of the book, “Dialogs on the global political order”, the author represents his own views on the problem of a global political order. I. Political philosophy of Immanuel Kant in modern philosophical discussion on the world political order. 1. Pax Kantiana: Immanuel Kant’s theory of perpetual peace.